Claude Bouchard, Ph.D.

John W. Barton, Sr. Endowed Chair in Genetics and Nutrition


(225) 763-2663
(225) 763-2525
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B.Ped, Laval University, 1962
M.Sc., University of Oregon, 1963
Postgrad, Institute for Research on Circulation and Sports Medicine, German Sporthochschule and University of Cologne, 1963-65
Ph.D., The University of Texas at Austin, 1977
Postdoc, University of Montreal, 1977


Dr Bouchard's research interests focus on genetics of obesity and some of the morbidities associated with obesity, including type 2 diabetes and hypertension. He is also studying the role of genetic variation in the adaptation to regular physical activity in terms of cardiorespiratory endurance and changes in cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes risk factors. His research benefits from several cohorts of human participants, including nuclear families, and relies on physiological, metabolic, and genomics technologies.


Selected publications of C. Bouchard since 2012
Rankinen T, Sung YJ, Sarzynski MA, Rice TK, Rao DC, Bouchard C. Heritability of submaximal exercise heart rate response to exercise training is accounted for by nine SNPs. J Appl Physiol. 112(5):892-7, 2012. PMID: 22174390. PMCID: PMC3311659.
Bouchard C. Genomic predictors of trainability. Exp Physiol. 97(3):347-52, 2012. PMID: 21967902
Roth SM, Rankinen T, Hagberg JM, Loos RJF, Perusse L, Sarzynski MA, Wolfarth B, Bouchard C. Advances in exercise, fitness, and performance genomics in 2011. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 44(5): 809-17, 2012. PMID: 22330029. PMCID: PMC3994883.
Barreira TV, Staiano AE, Harrington DM, Heymsfield SB, Smith SR, Bouchard C, Katzmarzyk PT. Anthropometric correlates of total body fat, abdominal adiposity, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in a biracial sample of men and women. Mayo Clin Proc. 87(5):452-60, 2012. PMID: 22560524. PMCID: PMC3498102.
Manning AK, Hivert MF, Scott RA et al, A genome-wide approach accounting for body mass index identifies genetic variants influencing fasting glycemic traits and insulin resistance. Nat Genet. 13; 44(6):659-669, 2012. PMID: 22581228. PMCID: PMC3613127.
Bouchard C, Blair SN, Church TS, Earnest CP, Hagberg JM, Häkkinen K, Jenkins NT, Karavirta L, Kraus WE, Leon AS, Rao DC, Sarzynski MA, Skinner JS, Slentz CA, Rankinen T. Adverse metabolic response to regular exercise: is it a rare or common occurrence? PLoS One. 7(5):e37887, 2012. PMID: 22666405. PMCID: PMC3364277.
Carlsson LM, Peltonen M, Ahlin S, Anveden Å, Bouchard C, Carlsson B, Jacobson P, Lönroth H, Maglio C, Näslund I, Pirazzi C, Romeo S, Sjöholm K, Sjöström E,Wedel H, Svensson PA, Sjöström L. Bariatric surgery and prevention of type 2 diabetes in Swedish obese subjects. N Engl J Med. 367(8):695-704, 2012. PMID: 22913680.
Rice TK, Sarzynski MA, Sung YJ, Argyropoulos G, Stütz AM, Teran-Garcia M, Rao DC, Bouchard C, Rankinen T. Fine mapping of a QTL on chromosome 13 for submaximal exercise capacity training response: the HERITAGE Family Study. Eur J Appl Physiol. 112(8):2969-78, 2012. PMID: 22170014.
Katzmarzyk PT, Mire E, Bouchard C. Abdominal obesity and mortality: The Pennington Center Longitudinal Study. Nutr Diab. 2(8):e42, 2012. PMID: 23168527. PMCID: PMC3432185.
Thomas DM, Bouchard C, Church T, Slentz C, Kraus WE, Redman LM, Martin CK, Silva AM, Vossen M, Westerterp K, Heymsfield SB. Why do individuals not lose more weight from an exercise intervention at a defined dose? An energy balance analysis. Obes Rev. 13(10):835-47, 2012. PMID: 22681398. PMCID: PMC3771367.
Sarzynski MA, Jacobson P, Rankinen T, Carlsson B, Sjostrom L, Bouchard C, Carlsson LMS. Changes in uric acid levels following bariatric surgery are not associated with SLC2A9 variants in the Swedish Obese Subjects Study. PLoS One. 7(12):e51658, 2012. PMID: 23272134. PMC3522707.
Saunders TJ, Tremblay MS, Després JP, Bouchard C, Tremblay A, Chaput JP.Sedentary behaviour, visceral fat accumulation and cardiometabolic risk in adults: a 6-year longitudinal study from the Quebec Family Study. PLoS One. 8:e54225, 2013. PMID: 23326600. PMCID: PMC3541147.
Katzmarzyk PT, Heymsfield SB, Bouchard C. Clinical utility of visceral adipose tissue for the identification of cardiometabolic risk in white and African American Adults. Am J Clin Nutr. 97(3):480-6, 2013. PMID: 23364010. PMCID: PMC3578400.
Plourde M, Vohl MC, Bellis C, Carless M, Dyer T, Dolley G, Marette A, Després JP, Bouchard C, Blangero J, Pérusse L. A variant in the LRRFIP1 gene is associated with adiposity and inflammation. Obesity (Silver Spring). 21(1):185-92, 2013. PMID: 23505185.
Phillips BE, Williams JP, Gustafsson T, Bouchard C, Rankinen T, Knudsen S, Smith K, Timmons JA, Atherton PJ. Molecular networks of human muscle adaptation to exercise and age. PLoS Genet. 9(3):e1003389, 2013. PMID: 23555298. PMCID: PMC3605101.
Pérusse L, Rankinen T, Hagberg JM, Loos RJ, Roth SM, Sarzynski MA, Wolfarth B, Bouchard C. Advances in exercise, fitness, and performance genomics in 2012. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 45(5):824-31, 2013. PMID: 23470294. PMCID: PMC3640622.
den Hoed M, Eijgelsheim M, Esko T et al, Identification of heart rate-associated loci and their effects on cardiac conduction and rhythm disorders. Nat Genet. 45(6):621-31, 2013. PMID: 23583979. PMCID: PMC3696959.
Katzmarzyk PT, Mire E, Bray GA, Greenway FL, Heymsfield SB, Bouchard C. Anthropometric markers of obesity and mortality in white and African American adults: The Pennington Center Longitudinal Study. Obesity (Silver Spring). 21(5):1070-5, 2013. PMID: 23784912. PMCID: PMC3695407.
Staiano AE, Bouchard C, Katzmarzyk PT. BMI-specific waist circumference thresholds to discriminate elevated cardiometabolic risk in White and African American adults. Obesity Facts. 6:317-324, 2013. PMCID: 23970141.
Sarzynski MA, Rankinen T, Earnest CP, Leon AS, Rao DC, Skinner JS, Bouchard C. Measured maximal heart rates compared to commonly used age-based prediction equations in the Heritage Family Study. Am J Hum Biol. 25(5):695-701, 2013. PMID: 23913510. PMCID: PMC3935487.
Chaput JP, McNeil J, Després JP, Bouchard C, Tremblay A. Seven to eight hours of sleep a night is associated with a lower prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and reduced overall cardiometabolic risk in adults. PLoS One. 8(9):e72832, 2013. PMID: 24039808. PMCID: PMC3764138.
Katzmarzyk PT, Hu G, Cefalu WT, Mire E, Bouchard C. The importance of waist circumference and BMI for mortality risk in diabetic adults. Diabetes Care. 36(10):3128-30, 2013. PMID: 23757429. PMCID: PMC3781507.
Sarzynski MA, Bouchard C. The challenging case for nutrigenetic predictors of metabolic responses to dietary interventions. Diabetes Care. 36:3379-81, 2013. PMID: 24159178. PMCID: PMC3816865.
Ghosh S, Vivar JC, Sarzynski MA, Sung YJ, Timmons JA, Bouchard C, Rankinen T. Integrative pathway analysis of a genome-wide association study of VO2max response to exercise training. J Appl Physiol. 115(9):1343-59, 2013. PMID: 23990238. PMCID: PMC3841836.
Katzmarzyk PT, Greenway FL, Heymsfield SB, Bouchard C. Clinical utility and reproducibility of visceral adipose tissue measurements derived from dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in white and African American adults. Obesity (Silver Spring). 21(11):2221-4, 2013. PMID: 23794256. PMCID: PMC3819404.
Thomas DM, Martin CK, Lettieri S, Bredlau C, Kaiser K, Church T, Bouchard C, Heymsfield SB. Can a weight loss of one pound a week be achieved with a 3500-kcal deficit? Commentary on a commonly accepted rule. Int J Obes (Lond). 37(12):1611-3, 2013. PMID: 23628852. PMCID: PMC4024447.
Roberts LD, Boström P, O'Sullivan JF, Schinzel RT, Lewis GD, Dejam A, Lee YK, Palma MJ, Calhoun S, Georgiadi A, Chen MH, Ramachandran VS, Larson MG, Bouchard C, Rankinen T, Souza AL, Clish CB, Wang TJ, Estall JL, Soukas AA, Cowan CA, Spiegelman BM, Gerszten RE. ß-Aminoisobutyric Acid induces browning of white fat and hepatic ß-oxidation and is inversely correlated with cardiometabolic risk factors. Cell Metab. 19(1):96-108, 2014. PMID: 24411942.
Thomas DM, Weedermann M, Fuemmeler BF, Martin CK, Dhurandhar NV, Bredlau C, Heymsfield SB, Ravussin E, Bouchard C. Dynamic model predicting overweight, obesity, and extreme obesity prevalence trends. Obesity (Silver Spring). 22(2):590-7, 2014. PMID: 23804487.
Chaput JP, Perusse L, Despres JP, Tremblay A, Bouchard C. Findings from the Quebec Family Study on the etiology of obesity: Genetics and environmental highlights. Curr Obes Rep. 3:54-66, 2014. PMID: 24533236.
Bouchard C, Tchernof A, Tremblay A. Predictors of body composition and body energy changes in response to chronic overfeeding. Int J Obes (Lond). 38(2):236-42, 2014. PMID: 23736367.
Zhu N, Jacobs DR Jr, Schreiner PJ, Yaffe K, Bryan N, Launer LJ, Whitmer RA, Sidney S, Demerath E, Thomas W, Bouchard C, He K, Reis J, Sternfeld B. Cardiorespiratory fitness and cognitive function in middle age: The CARDIA Study. Neurology. 82(15):1339-46, 2014. PMID: 24696506.
Sung YJ, Schwander K, Arnett DK, Kardia SL, Rankinen T, Bouchard C, Boerwinkle E, Hunt SC, Rao DC. An empirical comparison of meta-analysis and mega-analysis of individual participant data for identifying gene-environment interactions. Genet Epidemiol. 38(4):369-78, 2014. PMID: 24719363.
Wolfarth B, Rankinen T, Hagberg JM, Loos RJ, Pérusse L, Roth SM, Sarzynski MA, Bouchard C. Advances in exercise, fitness, and performance genomics in 2013. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 46(5):851-9, 2014. PMID: 24743105.
Raja GK, Sarzynski MA, Katzmarzyk PT, Johnson WD, Tchoukalova Y, Smith SR, Bouchard C. Commonality versus specificity among adiposity traits in normal-weight and moderately overweight adults. Int J Obes (Lond). 38(5):719-23, 2014. PMID: 23949614.
Vassy JL, Hivert MF, Porneala B, Dauriz M, Florez JC, Dupuis J, Siscovick DS, Fornage M, Rasmussen-Torvik LJ, Bouchard C, Meigs JB. Polygenic type 2 diabetes prediction at the limit of common variant detection. Diabetes. 63(6):2172-82, 2014. PMID: 24520119.
Tan LJ, Zhu H, He H, Wu KH, Li J, Chen XD, Zhang JG, Shen H, Tian Q, Krousel-Wood M, Papasian CJ, Bouchard C, Pérusse L, Deng HW. Replication of 6 obesity genes in a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies from diverse ancestries. PLoS One. 9(5):e96149, 2014. PMID: 24879436.
Katzmarzyk PT, Bouchard C. Where is the beef? Waist circumference is more highly correlated with BMI and total body fat than with abdominal visceral fat in children. Int J Obes. 38:753-54, 2014. PMID: 24018751.
Sjöström L, Peltonen M, Jacobson P, Ahlin S, Andersson-Assarsson J, Anveden A, Bouchard C, Carlsson B, Karason K, Lönroth H, Näslund I, Sjöström E, Taube M, Wedel H, Svensson PA, Sjöholm K, Carlsson LM. Association of bariatric surgery with long-term remission of type 2 diabetes and with microvascular and macrovascular complications. JAMA. 311(22):2297-304, 2014. PMID: 24915261.
Simino J, Shi G, Bis JC et al. Gene-age interactions in blood pressure regulation: A large-scale investigation with the CHARGE, Global BPgen, and ICBP consortia. Am J Hum Genet. 3;95(1):24-38, 2014. PMID: 24954895.
Ganesh SK, Chasman DI, Larson MG et al. Effects of long-term averaging of quantitative blood pressure traits on the detection of genetic associations. Am J Hum Genet. 95(1):49-65, 2014. PMID: 24975945.
Katzmarzyk PT, Barlow S, Bouchard C, Catalano PM, Hsia DS, Inge TH, Lovelady C, Raynor H, Redman LM, Staiano AE, Spruijt-Metz D, Symonds ME, Vickers M, Wilfley D, Yanovski JA. An evolving scientific basis for the prevention and treatment of pediatric obesity. Int J Obes (Lond). 38(7):887-905, 2014. PMID: 24662696.
Brand JS, Rovers MM, Yeap BB, Schneider HJ, Tuomainen TP, Haring R, Corona G, Onat A, Maggio M, Bouchard C, Tong PC, Chen RY, Akishita M, Gietema JA, Gannagé-Yared MH, Undén AL, Hautanen A, Goncharov NP, Kumanov P, Chubb SA, Almeida OP, Wittchen HU, Klotsche J, Wallaschofski H, Völzke H, Kauhanen J, Salonen JT, Ferrucci L, van der Schouw YT. Testosterone, sex hormone-binding globulin and the metabolic syndrome in men: an individual participant data meta-analysis of observational studies. PLoS One. 9(7):e100409, 2014. PMID: 25019163.
Hanin G, Shenhar-Tsarfaty S, Yayon N, Hoe YY, Bennett ER, Sklan EH, Rao DC, Rankinen T, Bouchard C, Geifman-Shochat S, Shifman S, Greenberg DS, Soreq H. Competing targets of microRNA-608 affect anxiety and hypertension. Hum Mol Genet. 23(17):4569-80, 2014. PMID: 24722204.
Thomas DM, Martin CK, Redman LM, Heymsfield SB, Lettieri S, Levine JA, Bouchard C, Schoeller DA. Effect of dietary adherence on the body weight plateau: a mathematical model incorporating intermittent compliance with energy intake prescription. Am J Clin Nutr. 100(3):787-95, 2014. PMID: 25080458.
Rezvani R, Gupta A, Smith J, Poursharifi P, Marceau P, Pérusse L, Bouchard C, Tchernof A, Cianflone K Cross-sectional associations of acylation stimulating protein (ASP) and adipose tissue gene expression with estradiol and progesterone in pre- and postmenopausal women. Clin Endocrinol. 81(5):736-45, 2014. PMID: 25040699.
Qi Q, Kilpeläinen TO, Downer MK et al. FTO genetic variants, dietary intake and body mass index: insights from 177,330 individuals. Hum Mol Genet. 23(25):6961-72, 2014. PMID: 25104851.
Chow L, Eberly LE, Austin E, Carnethon M, Bouchard C, Sternfeld B, Zhu N, Sidney S, Schreiner P. Fitness Change Effects on Midlife Metabolic Outcomes: The CARDIA Study. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 47(5):967-73, 2015. PMID: 25160846.
Wood AR, Esko T, Yang J et al. Defining the role of common variation in the genomic and biological architecture of adult human height. Nat Genet. 46(11):1173-86, 2014. PMID: 25282103.
Sanchis-Gomar F, Lucia A, Yvert T, Ruiz-Casado A, Pareja-Galeano H, Santos-Lozano A, Fiuza-Luces C, Garatachea N, Lippi G, Bouchard C, Berger NA. Physical Inactivity and Low Fitness Deserve More Attention to Alter Cancer Risk and Prognosis. Cancer Prev Res. 8(2):105-10, 2015. PMID: 25416409.
Gottlieb DJ, Hek K, Chen TH et al. Novel loci associated with usual sleep duration: the CHARGE Consortium Genome-Wide Association Study. Mol Psychiatry. 20(10):1232-9, 2015. PMID: 25469926.
Bouchard C, Antunes-Correa LM, Ashley EA, Franklin N, Hwang PM, Mattsson CM, Negrao CE, Phillips SA, Sarzynski MA, Wang PY, Wheeler MT. Personalized preventive medicine: genetics and the response to regular exercise in preventive interventions. Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 57(4):337-46, 2015. PMID: 25559061.
Locke AE, Kahali B, Berndt SI et al. Genetic studies of body mass index yield new insights for obesity biology. Nature. 518(7538):197-206, 2015. PMID: 25673413.
Shungin D, Winkler TW, Croteau-Chonka DC et al. New genetic loci link adipose and insulin biology to body fat distribution. Nature. 518(7538):187-96, 2015. PMID: 25673412.
Rankinen T, Sarzynski MA, Ghosh S, Bouchard C. Are There Genetic Paths Common to Obesity, Cardiovascular Disease Outcomes, and Cardiovascular Risk Factors? Circ Res. 116(5):909-22, 2015. PMID: 25722444.
Chaput JP, Saunders TJ, Tremblay MS, Katzmarzyk PT, Tremblay A, Bouchard C. Workplace standing time and the incidence of obesity and type 2 diabetes: a longitudinal study in adults. BMC Public Health. 15:111, 2015. PMID: 25885707.
Loos RJ, Hagberg JM, Pérusse L, Roth SM, Sarzynski MA, Wolfarth B, Rankinen T, Bouchard C. Advances in Exercise, Fitness, and Performance Genomics in 2014. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 47(6):1105-12, 2015. PMID: 25706296.
Zhu N, Jacobs DR Jr, Schreiner PJ, Launer LJ, Whitmer RA, Sidney S, Demerath E, Thomas W, Bouchard C, He K, Erus G, Battapady H, Bryan RN. Cardiorespiratory fitness and brain volume and white matter integrity: The CARDIA Study. Neurology. 84(23):2347-53, 2015. PMID: 25957331.
Neufer PD, Bamman MM, Muoio DM, Bouchard C, Cooper DM, Goodpaster BH, Booth FW, Kohrt WM, Gerszten RE, Mattson MP, Hepple RT, Kraus WE, Reid MB, Bodine SC, Jakicic JM, Fleg JL, Williams JP, Joseph L, Evans M, Maruvada P, Rodgers M, Roary M, Boyce AT, Drugan JK, Koenig JI, Ingraham RH, Krotoski D, Garcia-Cazarin M, McGowan JA, Laughlin MR. Understanding the Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms of Physical Activity-Induced Health Benefits. Cell Metab. 22(1):4-11, 2015. PMID: 26073496.
Rudkowska I, Pérusse L, Bellis C, Blangero J, Després JP, Bouchard C, Vohl MC. Interaction between Common Genetic Variants and Total Fat Intake on Low-Density Lipoprotein Peak Particle Diameter: A Genome-Wide Association Study. J Nutrigenet Nutrigenomics. 8(1):44-53, 2015. PMID: 26112879.
Joshi PK, Esko T, Mattsson H et al. Directional dominance on stature and cognition in diverse human populations. Nature. 523(7561):459-62, 2015. PMID: 26131930.
Bureau A, Croteau J, Couture C, Vohl MC, Bouchard C, Perusse L. Estimating genetic effect sizes under joint disease-endophenotype models in presence of gene-environment interactions. Front Genet. 6:248, 2015. PMID: 26284107.
Bouchard C, Blair SN, Katzmarzyk PT. Less Sitting, More Physical Activity, or Higher Fitness? Mayo Clin Proc. 90(11):1533-40, 2015. PMID: 26422244.
Sarzynski MA, Davidsen PK, Sung YJ, Hesselink MK, Schrauwen P, Rice TK, Rao DC, Falciani F, Bouchard C. Genomic and transcriptomic predictors of triglyceride response to regular exercise. Br J Sports Med. 49(23):1524-31, 2015. PMID: 26491034.
Sarzynski MA, Burton J, Rankinen T, Blair SN, Church TS, Després JP, Hagberg JM, Landers-Ramos R, Leon AS, Mikus CR, Rao DC, Seip RL, Skinner JS, Slentz CA, Thompson PD, Wilund KR, Kraus WE, Bouchard C. The effects of exercise on the lipoprotein subclass profile: A meta-analysis of 10 interventions. Atherosclerosis. 243(2):364-72, 2015. PMID: 26520888.
Winkler, TW, Justice, AE, Graff et al. The Influence of Age and Sex on Genetic Associations with Adult Body Size and Shape: A Large-Scale Genome-Wide Interaction Study. PLoS Genet. 11(10):e1005378, 2015. PMID: 26426971.
Webborn N, Williams A, McNamee M, Bouchard C, Pitsiladis Y, Ahmetov I, Ashley E, Byrne N, Camporesi S, Collins M, Dijkstra P, Eynon N, Fuku N, Garton FC, Hoppe N, Holm S, Kaye J, Klissouras V, Lucia A, Maase K, Moran C, North KN, Pigozzi F, Wang G. Direct-to-consumer genetic testing for predicting sports performance and talent identification: Consensus statement. Br J Sports Med. 49(23):1486-91, 2015. PMID: 26582191.
Bouchard C. Exercise genomics-a paradigm shift is needed: a commentary. Br J Sports Med. 49(23):1492-96, 2015. PMID: 26429807.
Shah RV, Murthy VL, Colangelo LA, Reis J, Venkatesh BA, Sharma R, Abbasi SA, Goff DC, Jr., Carr JJ, Rana JS, Terry JG, Bouchard C, Sarzynski MA, Eisman A, Neilan T, Das S, Jerosch-Herold M, Lewis CE, Carnethon M, Lewis GD, Lima JA. Association of Fitness in Young Adulthood with Survival and Cardiovascular Risk: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. JAMA Intern Med. 176(1):87–95, 2016. PMID: 26618471.
Pitsiladis YP, Tanaka M, Eynon N, Bouchard C, North KN, Williams AG, Collins M, Moran CN, Britton SL, Fuku N, Ashley EA, Klissouras V, Lucia A, Ahmetov, II, de Geus E & Alsayrafi M. Athlome Project Consortium: a concerted effort to discover genomic and other "omic" markers of athletic performance. Physiol Genomics. 48(3):183–90, 2016. PMID: 26715623.
Rankinen T, Fuku N, Wolfarth B, Wang G, Sarzynski MA, Alexeev DG, Ahmetov, II, Boulay MR, Cieszczyk P, Eynon N, Filipenko ML, Garton FC, Generozov EV, Govorun VM, Houweling PJ, Kawahara T, Kostryukova ES, Kulemin NA, Larin AK, Maciejewska-Karlowska A, Miyachi M, Muniesa CA, Murakami H, Ospanova EA, Padmanabhan S, Pavlenko AV, Pyankova ON, Santiago C, Sawczuk M, Scott RA, Uyba VV, Yvert T, Perusse L, Ghosh S, Rauramaa R, North KN, Lucia A, Pitsiladis Y & Bouchard C. No Evidence of a Common DNA Variant Profile Specific to World Class Endurance Athletes. PloS One. 11(1):e0147330, 2016. PMID: 26824906.
Lu Y, Day FR, Gustafsson S et al. New loci for body fat percentage reveal link between adiposity and cardiometabolic disease risk. Nat Commun. 7:10495, 2016. doi: 10.1038/ncomms10495. PMID: 26833246.
Kilpelainen TO, Carli JF, Skowronski AA et al. Genome-wide meta-analysis uncovers novel loci influencing circulating leptin levels. Nat Commun. 7:10494, 2016. doi: 10.1038/ncomms10494. PMID: 26833098.
Sung YJ, Pérusse L, Sarzynski MA, Fornage M, Sidney S, Sternfeld B, Rice T, Terry JG, Jacobs DR Jr, Katzmarzyk P, Curran JE, Jeffrey Carr J, Blangero J, Ghosh S, Després JP, Rankinen T, Rao DC, Bouchard C. Genome-wide association studies suggest sex-specific loci associated with abdominal and visceral fat. Int J Obes (Lond). 40(4):662-74, 2016. PMID: 26480920.
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